Passive Voice


The passive voice in Túfóžan is formed by adding the suffix –raf to the verb root, before any number marker. The originally Accusative object becomes the Nominative subject, and the original subject is eliminated or demoted to an oblique case.

atók in urke
a-tók-Ø in ur-ke-Ø
1.exc-push-SG PST ACC-3.LI-SG
I pushed it
atókraf in
a-tók-raf-Ø in
1.exc-push-PSV-SG PST
I was pushed