Existential Expressions

 

Statements of existence in Túfóžan are made using the verb dén (“be, exist”).

dén cúl
Ø-dén-Ø Ø-cúl-Ø
3-be-SG NOM-dog-SG
a dog is (there is a dog)

Some expressions that are impersonal (with “dummy” subjects) in English are existential in Túfóžan.

dén núrún
Ø-dén-Ø Ø-núr-ún-Ø
3-be-SG NOM-sad-ness-SG
there is sadness (it is sad/that is sad/how sad)