Sound Inventory

 

Consonants

Túfóžan has 23 phonemic consonants.

The Roman orthography used to write the language is at the top, CXS in the middle, and IPA on the bottom.

Unvoiced consonants are on the left of each pair, voiced on the right.

labial labio-
dental
dental alveolar post-
alveolar
retroflex palatal velar uvular pharyn-
geal
glottal
plosive p
p
p
b
b
b
t
t
t
d
d
d
k
k
k
g
g
g
nasal m
m
m
n
n
n
ŋ
N
ŋ
tap r
r’
ɽ
fricative f
f
f
ŧ
T
θ
đ
D
ð
s
s
s
z
z
z
š
S
ʃ
ž
Z
ʒ
h
x
x
affricate c
ts)
t͡s
j
dZ)
d͡ʒ
approxi-
mant
  y
j
j
w1
w
w
lateral approx. l
l
l

1 labio-velar approximant

 

Vowels

Túfóžan has 9 phonemic vowels.

Unrounded vowels are on the left of each pair, rounded on the right.

Front Central Back
Close í
i
i
ú
u
u
i
I
ɪ
u
U
ʊ
Close-mid é
e
e
ó
o
o
Mid
Open-mid e
E
ɛ
o
O
ɔ
Open a
a
a

Diphthongs

There are also 3 phonemic diphthongs:

  • au [aU/aʊ]
  • ai [aI/aɪ]
  • oi [oi/ɔɪ]