The Definite Article
The definite article appears before the noun, as a before consonants, ar before vowels. It is used in all circumstances where a noun is definite, even when the noun is a proper name.
|a príl||ar ídó||ar iŧmír|
|DEF man||DEF horse||DEF Ithmír|
|the man||the horse||Ithmír|
There is no indefinite article.
The Noun Phrase
All NP components except for the article follow the noun, in this order:
Article – Noun – Modifier(s) – Demonstrative – Modifying Noun Phrase – Relative Clause
|ar ídó fyar|
|DEF horse grey|
|the grey horse|
When multiple modifiers are present, the priority position right after the noun is reserved for descriptors of color, shape, and size (in that order).
|ar ídó fyar éđ azú|
|DEF horse grey large beautiful|
|the large beautiful grey horse|
Note that demonstratives (hú this, wa that, jú yonder) are always used with the definite article.
|ar ídó hú||a príl jú|
|DEF horse this||DEF man yonder|
|this horse||yonder man|