Lexicon

 

A

a-
(pref) 1st person exclusive verb prefix

a(r)
(art) the definite article

ada
(n) the present time, now

ai-
(pref) comitative case marker

ak-
(pref) allative case marker

arn
(adj) happy

aš-
(pref) thematic case marker

-at
(suff) plural suffix

aŧ-
(pref) future active participle prefix

aum-
(pref) aversive case marker

azú
(adj) beautiful, pleasing in appearance

B

baf
(v) stop, prevent

bau-
(pref) accessive case marker

baus
(v) fail

bí-
(pref) perlative case marker


(partc) imperative mood particle

C

ca
(partc) continuous aspect particle

cel-
(pref) precursive case marker

cé-
(pref) 2nd person low interactivity verb prefix

cif
(n) people, race, ethnic group (never used as a plural for person)

cifsa
(n) Golden People, the race that inhabits the Peaceful Isle

cim
(n) male first cousin

cír
(n) honor, of a House or person; ethical standing


(partc) expectational mood particle

cúl
(n) dog

D

dai
(pn) interrogative who (HI)

dern
(adj) pleasant

dén
(v) be, exist

dí-
(pref) 2nd person peer high interactivity verb prefix

dís
(v) sleep (takes dative subject)

đort
(n) wall

Ð

đím
(v) eat, ingest after chewing

đlé-
(pref) initiative case marker

đú
(v) feel, sense through touch (not voluntary)

E

erí-
(pref) causitive case marker

et-
(pref) genitive case marker

É

éđ
(adj) great, large, big

éf
(partc) dispositional mood particle

F

fa
(partc) interrogative mood particle

feh
(v) think, ruminate (intransitive)

fes-
(pref) prolapsive case marker

flin
(v) own, have ownership of (used of body parts, permanent attributes, and persons of whom one has legal custody as well as of legal possessions)

flí-
(pref) aninstrumental case marker

fón
(v) drink, swallow, ingest without chewing

fyar
(adj) grey in color

G

ge-
(pref) assessive case marker


(partc) perfect aspect particle

góca
(partc) present progressive perfect tense/aspect particle

grí-
(pref) comparative case marker

gúm
(n) doll

gyú-
(pref) concursive case marker

H

haup
(v) swim

hil-
(pref) originative case marker

his
(v) lean

hla
(n) respect, regard, esteem

hlarn
(adj) respectable, estimable, used as a formal address (iŧmír hlarn)

hmíš
(n) long fighting knife with a slightly curved blade that is wielded in pairs

hón
(v) love (used equally of family, friends, and lovers that one feels close to; not to be confused with lust or passion)

hrim
(n) brother

hra-
(pref) essential case marker

hron
(partc) habitual aspect particle


(dem) this

I

-il
(suff) verbal noun suffix

inca
(partc) past progressive tense/aspect particle

ingó
(partc) past perfect tense/aspect particle

ingóca
(partc) past progressive perfect tense/aspect particle

inhron
(partc) past habitual tense/aspect particle

ip-
(pref) partitive case marker

ist-
(pref) ablative case marker


(n) spirit, essence, heart (non-anatomical)

iž-
(pref) instrumental case marker

Í


(suff) paucal suffix

ídó
(n) horse

íjí
(partc) resultative mood particle

ír-
(pref) past passive participle prefix

J

jak-
(pref) concessive case marker

jan
(n) nobleperson, lord/lady

jé-
(pref) past active participle prefix


(dem) yonder

K

kai
(adj) newborn, new-made, new-sprung

ke
(pn) 3rd person low interactivity

kéz
(v) cut, cleave

kid
(v) leak, bleed

 klóm
(v) trap

klómúz
(n) trap

kó-
(pref) attributive case marker

kós
(n) son

kre-
(pref) allapsive case marker


(partc) prerogative mood particle

kyú
(pn) reflexive pronoun

L

la-
(pref) anacomitative case marker

laiš
(n) daughter

leb
(n) hearth

-lé-
(infix) negation verb affix

liŋ
(n) fruit

-lú
(suff) instantial noun deverbal suffix

M

-m/-om/-am
(suff) paucal suffix

mađ
(v) kill

men
(v) take (not “take to” as in transport)

menorn
(v) take dishonorably, steal


(pn) 3rd person high interactivity inferior

mér
(v) serve, work for

miŋ-
(pref) similative case marker

mífa-
(pref) pervasive case marker

mír
(adj) resilient, strong, durable

mís
(n) cat

mob
(adj) wise

món
(n) mother (natural only)


(pn) 2nd person high interactivity inferior

múr
(v) live (takes dative subject)

N

naca
(partc) future progressive tense/aspect particle

nagó
(partc) future perfect tense/aspect particle

nagóca
(partc) future progressive perfect tense/aspect particle

nahron
(partc) future habitual tense/aspect particle

naya
(pn) 1st person inclusive

neca-
(pref) postcursive case marker

-niŧ
(suff) reversive verb suffix (“un-”/“dis-”)


(pn) 1st person exclusive

núr
(adj) sad, gloomy

Ŋ

ŋab
(v) fight

ŋal-
(pref) capacitative case marker

ŋau
(v) hit, strike

O

ođí-
(pref) Episodic case marker

on-
(pref) dative case marker

Ó

óca-
(pref) future passive participle prefix

-orn
(suff) dishonorable, wrong

óya
(n) eternity

óž
(adj) lonely, alone, isolated

P

pén
(adj) other, additional, alternative

píh
(v) see

príl
(n) adult male, man

príltar
(n) immature male, boy

pwé-
(pref) interpretive case marker

pyot
(v) die

R

ra-
(pref) vialis case marker

-raf
(suff) passive verb suffix


(pn) 3rd person high interactivity peer

ril-
(pref) derives noun from verb, agent of

rin
(pn) 2nd person high interactivity peer

ríh
(n) town

-rn
(suff) worthy of

rod
(v) know (because of experience or evidence)

róš
(partc) abilitative mood particle

-rŧ/-orŧ/-arŧ
(suff) collective suffix

ruŋ
(n) clan, House

rú-
(pref) characterized by

rútír
(adj) peaceful

S

sa
(adj) golden in color

sai
(n) leaf

sel
(n) friend

sen
(v) carry, transport, take/bring

ser
(v) come, go, change location, move (under one’s own power)

siŧ
(n) rat

sla
(adj) tall, high

smú-
(pref) commutational case marker

snib
(n) louse

so-
(pref) 2nd person inferior high interactivity verb prefix

sú-
(pref) 2nd person middle interactivity verb prefix

Š

-š/-oš/-aš
(suff) plural suffix

šad
(v) kiss

šan
(v) dance

ší
(partc) permissive mood particle

škúr
(v) dress, clothe oneself

škúrniŧ
(v) undress, disrobe, unclothe oneself

šó
(pn) 3rd person middle interactivity

šol
(n) woman, adult female

šoltar
(n) girl, immature female

špi-
(pref) professional (used with verbs)

šuŋk
(n) feather

šwa
(partc) dubitative mood particle

T

ta-
(pref) adessive case marker

ta
(pn) 2nd person middle interactivity

tad
(v) speak, say, talk

tadíl
(n) speech, language, tongue

tala-
(pref) prolative case marker

taŧ
(n) sister

tír
(n) peace, contentment

tók
(v) push

tré-
(pref) present passive participle prefix

trí
(partc) optative mood particle

túf
(n) land, solid ground, earth

túfóž
(n) island

tyak-
(pref) terminative case marker

Ŧ

ŧó-
(pref) 2nd person superior high interactivity verb prefix

ŧrait
(n) book

ŧú-
(pref) circumessive

U

ur-
(pref) accusative case marker

Ú

-ún
(suff) nominalization suffix for adjectives

-úz
(suff) derives noun from verb, tool for doing

W

wa
(dem) that

wen
(pn) 3rd person high interactivity superior


(pn) 2nd person high interactivity  superior


(partc) subjunctive mood particle

wul
(n) female first cousin

Y

ya-
(pref) present active participle prefix

yí-
(pref) possessive case marker

yór
(v) name, call


(partc) compulsory mood particle

Z

zbu-
(pref) elapsive case marker

zed-
(pref) prolimitive case marker

zén
(n) child, progeny, offspring (natural only; not used for a young person)

Ž

žam
(partc) obligatory mood particle

že-
(pref) 1st person inclusive verb prefix

žil
(n) person

žiltar
(n) immature person, child (not offspring)

žilkai
(n) infant

žwa-
(pref) purposive case marker